Tuesday, September 1, 2009

Ulcer Treatment

Koi Ulcer
Hello what is the best treatment for ulcers on Koi carp? I have been told to use salt. Is that ok to use? Many thanks. - Darby

I would set up a hospital tank. Add about a pound of salt per hundred gallons of water. The salt will irritate the Koi, but don't worry, the only thing it will do is cause their slime coat to grow thicker. It is ok to use salt, but it probably won't take care of the ulcer on its own.

Treatments for ulcers include: antibiotic injections, debriding, medicated food and Tricide-Neo.

Injections require a prescription from a veterinarian. You will need to have the vet come out and perform a susceptibility test, to determine what antibiotic will get rid of the infection that is causing the ulcer. There has been much abuse over the years with antibiotics, so there plenty of strains of bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. You will also need to purchase needles and anesthesia (you can't inject a fish that is flopping around). You can have the vet teach you how to inject or you can have them do it for you. Either way, its gonna cost some money. If you have valuable Koi that's sick, you should have a vet look at it anyways.

Debriding should be done by a vet, since if it is done wrong, it can seriously damage your Koi. It involves cleaning out the dead tissue in the ulcer with iodine. It can speed up healing, but should be used with an antibiotic regimen.

Medicated food works, but only if your Koi are eating. Most of the time when Koi get sick, they stop eating. Some people feed medicated food to their fish all the time, the only thing this does is it helps create stronger bacteria strains that are more resistant to antibiotics.

The single best treatment is the Tricide-Neo dip. It comes in either a one gallon mix or a five gallon mix packet. You mix it with the correct amount of distilled water in a tub. Then put your Koi with the ulcer in the solution for about three to five minutes. You then put your Koi in a tub with hospital tank water for about five minutes to rinse off any Tricide-Neo that is still on the fish. Repeat this process every other day for a total of three treatments.

Tricide-Neo is a potentiated antibiotic, which means that it is able to kill off even resistant bacteria strains. You can order it from a number of places and no prescription is required. Just Google Tricide-Neo to find a dealer. It has a long shelf life, so you can order it and keep it in stock in your Koi supplies (it lasts even if it is mixed with distilled water, it's good until it turns yellow and smells fishy).

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