Friday, September 25, 2009

Protection from Blue Herons

This little goldfish talks about protecting your pond from blue herons in this video.

Thursday, September 3, 2009

Treating Infected Scales

In this video, which was produced in Germany, we have a Koi that has an infection under some scales. It is a Doitsu Aka Matsuba. The fish is caught and put in a tub. Some anesthetic is added to the tub to cal the fish down. The infected scales are removed and the the wound is debrided with Iodine. The Koi is then put back in a tub with well oxygenated pond water to wake him back up from the affects of the anesthesia. It is then placed back in the pond and rocked back and forth to further help to wake him up. Hopefully, it will make a full recovery.

Tuesday, September 1, 2009

Female Butterfly Koi Egg Bound

I have a 8 year hold female Butterfly Koi. We believe she may be egg bound. She has stopped eating for about a week now. I check her pond several times a day and there is this milky gel like substance floating around in the water. It appears to be coming from her. I clean it out and when she moves around more appears. She has been staying on the bottom not really moving much. She is by herself. What can I do to help her? - Reda

The best thing you can do is have a vet come out and see if they can perform an operation to remove the tumor. I don't ever recall hearing about a Koi that recovered from being egg bound all by itself.

Do Koi like waterfalls?

Yes they do!

Waterfalls provide Koi with:
  • aeration
  • warmth
  • a nice current

Waterfalls also provide people with:
  • a nice view
  • soothing background sounds
  • relaxation

Difference Between Indoor and Ourdoor Temp

What is the difference from indoor and outdoor temperature, with the thermostat indoor reading 70 degree? -Devaughn

Well, it depends on what time of the year it is. If it is wintertime, the difference will be great. If it is summertime, there probably won't be much difference.

When not in direct sunlight, Koi ponds tend to be a few degrees cooler than the ambient temperature. Especially if the pond is large. If a small pond is hit by direct sunlight most of the day, then it can get hotter than the ambient temperature. It is important to consider this if you have a small pond since it can hurt your fish by getting too hot.

Ulcer Treatment

Koi Ulcer
Hello what is the best treatment for ulcers on Koi carp? I have been told to use salt. Is that ok to use? Many thanks. - Darby

I would set up a hospital tank. Add about a pound of salt per hundred gallons of water. The salt will irritate the Koi, but don't worry, the only thing it will do is cause their slime coat to grow thicker. It is ok to use salt, but it probably won't take care of the ulcer on its own.

Treatments for ulcers include: antibiotic injections, debriding, medicated food and Tricide-Neo.

Injections require a prescription from a veterinarian. You will need to have the vet come out and perform a susceptibility test, to determine what antibiotic will get rid of the infection that is causing the ulcer. There has been much abuse over the years with antibiotics, so there plenty of strains of bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. You will also need to purchase needles and anesthesia (you can't inject a fish that is flopping around). You can have the vet teach you how to inject or you can have them do it for you. Either way, its gonna cost some money. If you have valuable Koi that's sick, you should have a vet look at it anyways.

Debriding should be done by a vet, since if it is done wrong, it can seriously damage your Koi. It involves cleaning out the dead tissue in the ulcer with iodine. It can speed up healing, but should be used with an antibiotic regimen.

Medicated food works, but only if your Koi are eating. Most of the time when Koi get sick, they stop eating. Some people feed medicated food to their fish all the time, the only thing this does is it helps create stronger bacteria strains that are more resistant to antibiotics.

The single best treatment is the Tricide-Neo dip. It comes in either a one gallon mix or a five gallon mix packet. You mix it with the correct amount of distilled water in a tub. Then put your Koi with the ulcer in the solution for about three to five minutes. You then put your Koi in a tub with hospital tank water for about five minutes to rinse off any Tricide-Neo that is still on the fish. Repeat this process every other day for a total of three treatments.

Tricide-Neo is a potentiated antibiotic, which means that it is able to kill off even resistant bacteria strains. You can order it from a number of places and no prescription is required. Just Google Tricide-Neo to find a dealer. It has a long shelf life, so you can order it and keep it in stock in your Koi supplies (it lasts even if it is mixed with distilled water, it's good until it turns yellow and smells fishy).